Angel / 15th Century / Devon

 ALG7793-480x800

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Angel / 15th Century / Devon

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 439mm h. x 153mm w. x 127mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (statuette)

Iconography: Candle-bearing angel

Period: 15th century (late)

Place of recovery: England, Devon

Probable origin: England,

Probable context: unknown / altarpiece or tabernacle

Alternate Views

ALG7797-532x800

 

ALG7795-532x800

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: Carved from a single block of coarse-grained oak, comprising approximately one quarter of the full cross-section - the quartered pith oriented at forward left edge of the statuette. Pale, greyish timber. Frontal facial details and drapery coarsely rendered. Rear plane roughly finished with rudimentary modelling and drapery.Mortises for wings (now lost) from of two sets of three vertically oriented holes bored to the reverse of each shoulder. Hands/right forearm separately carved and formerly attached with round tenons. No attachment points to underside of base.

Surface: Front plane covered with thick coating of pale yellow ochre – probably undercoating for polychrome. Trace globules of polychrome. Bare oak exposed on rear plane and underside bleached grey.

Condition:  Separately carved wings and hands/right forearm lost. Evidence of nailing around the right hip and heat damage to right torso indicate presence of now-lost functioning candlestick (probably of pricket form).

Provenance: Prior to 2012, private collection, North Devon; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2012.

 

 

Comparative images

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FrenchAngel

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Danial Katz_Trinity

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MS. Digby 227, f. 86r

4.

York Minster, North 19, angel

 

 

Notes

Description: The figure stands frontally; the right knee is flexed in a slight contrapposto and the bare toes of the right foot exposed. The angel is depicted as a slim, youthful male, with flowing neck-length hair formed of comma-shaped locks. It is depicted clad in a longer than floor-length alb with pleated waist and amice. The left arm is crooked and the forearm held against the waist, while the right (the separately carved forearm missing) is raised in-line with the width of the torso. The attire and posture correspond with the numerous surviving 15th- and early 16th-century so-called ‘altar angels’ to survive from French Flanders. these statuettes were displayed, often in pairs bearing candles of Passion Implements, flanking altars and tabernacles.

In style and execution, this altar angel more closely resembles the angles depicted in later fifteenth-century English art. Stand-out features include the heavy, linear box-pleats of the drapery, heavy pooling of folds around the feet, spheroid head and oversized, globular eyes without defined lids – the latter characteristic is commonly found in the numerous surviving English alabaster relief.

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Angle bearing candle  oak, French Flanders (Hainault), c. 1500 (private collection).

2. The Trinity, alabaster, England (probably North Midlands), late 15th century (private collection).

3. Angel bearing shield with Five Wounds, miniature, Psalter, east Anglia (probably Bury St Edmunds), 1461 (Bodleian Library, MS. Digby 227, f. 86r).

4. Angel bearing shield, north window 19, late 15th century, York Minster.

Image credit(s): Paul Fitzsimmons; Daniel Katz; Bodleian Library; Don White 2009.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Man of Sorrows / 15th Century / Unknown

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Man of Sorrows / 15th Century / Unknown

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 356mm h. x 337mm w. x 165mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (bust)

Iconography: Man of Sorrows (Christ)

Period: 15th century (mid)

Place of recovery: England

Probable origin: England,

Probable context: unknown / altar image (?)

Alternate Views

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Prior to 2009, private collection, Norfolk; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparative images

 

 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1.  St Andrew, alabaster, from altarpiece, England, mid 15th century. (Victoria & Albert Museum, A.32-1946).

Image credit(s): V&A.

 

 

John the Evangelist / 16th century / Lapford

 

Classification Data

Current location: Parish church (St Thomas of Canterbury, Lapford, Crediton, Devon)

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: John the Evangelist / 16th century / Lapford

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 229mm h. x 89mm w. x 38mm d.

Form: high relief (statuette)

Iconography: John the Evangelist (Crucifixion)

Period:16th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, South West, Lapford

Probable origin: England, Devon

Probable context: parish church / altarpiece

Alternate Views

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Discovered immured in the chancel wall of St Thomas of Canterbury, Lapford, Crediton, Devon, c. 1980

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010

 

Comparative images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

 

Captions:

Image credit(s):

 

Virgin Mary / 13th century / Burford

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Virgin Mary / 13th century / Burford

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 216mm h. x 89mm w. x 76mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (statuette)

Iconography: Virgin Mary enthroned 

Period: 13th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, South East, Burford

Probable origin: England, Oxfordshire

Probable context: parish church / altar image

Alternate Views

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: Heavy layer of purple-red (iron oxide) undercoat remaining from polychrome

 Condition: Head of Child and separately carved throne lost.

Provenance: Prior to 2011, private collection, Burford, Oxfordshire; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparative images

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Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Enthroned Virgin and Child, English, elephant ivory, c. 1220 (Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, 1893.199).

2. Seal of Merton Priory, wax, impressed 1241 (British Library, Cotton Charter XXI 25).

Image credit(s): Lessing Archive; British Library; St John’s College, Cambridge.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mary Magdalen / 16th Century / Suffolk

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Mary Magdalen / 16th Century / Suffolk

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 381mm h. x 102mm w. x 64mm d.

Form: high relief (statuette)

Iconography: Mary Magdalen (hirsute)

Period: 16th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, East Anglia, Suffolk

Probable origin: England

Probable context: unknown / altarpiece (?)

Alternate Views

 

 

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: Carved from a single stock of coarse-grained oak, with a notable radial twist to the long axis. The rear plane, unfinished and with prominent tear-outs. The top of the head relived by a bored hole; the underside with a excavated slot – like once a point of attachment. The left arm (now missing) originally separately constructed and attached with a wrought spike.

Surface: Heavily patinated. muddy dark brown surface, with no traces of polychrome. Heavily rubbed on all planes from apparent extensive and prolonged hand contact.

Condition:  Separately constructed right arm lost. Detail of carving severely eroded through wear. Bored hole to top of head enlarged. Chipping and other minor losses.

Provenance: Prior to 2010, private collection, Suffolk; thence to present owner, private collection, Kent.

Image credit(s): Celia Jennings.

 

 

Comparative images

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Notes

Description: The Magdalen stands frontally in a right-leaning contrapposto. Long tresses fall behind the shoulders. From the neckline, he torso is covered by finely curling hair. This extends to the lower body, most of which is covered (apparently for modesty) by a knee-length skirt.

This image of the hirsute Magdalen depicts the saint during an apocryphal thirty-year hermitage in the cliffs outside of Marseilles. During this time she was said to have taken only the Eucharist as nourishment during nightly elevation by angels, growing a pelt of golden hair.

Originally, the statuette was most likely part of an altarpiece dedicated to the saint’s life, perhaps not as a free-standing figure, but as part of a high relief panel. Later, it appears to have taken on a second life as an image of private devotion, receiving extensive hand contact on all surfaces. This treatment, which may have lasted generations, has obliterated much of the carving’s detail and lead to the development of a heavy, muddy-brown surface from the accumulation of  dirt and oil from countless hands.

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Tilman Riemenschneider, Mary Magdalen with two Angels, limewood, c, 1490 (Munich, Bayerisches Nationalmuseum).

Image credit(s): Bayerisches Nationalmuseum.

 

 

 

Apostle / 15th Century / Bury St Edmunds

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Apostle / 15th Century / Bury St Edmunds

Material(s): oak with polychrome (later)

Dimensions: 394mm h. x 147mm w. x 64mm d.

Form: relief (statuette)

Iconography: apostle

Period: 15th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, East Anglia, Suffolk

Probable origin: England, Bury St Edmunds

Probable context: unknown / altarpiece

Alternate Views

 

 

 

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: Carved in relief. Originally composed from two pieces of oak: the largest comprising the head, torso and the left hand clasping a book; the (now lost) right, which probably held an attribute, carved separately and attached with a round tenon.

Surface: Modern (early 20th-century) polychrome and water gilding applied over blue-grey ground. Remains of medieval polychrome in red and blue beneath present surface.

 Condition:  Right hand (originally tenoned at the wrist) lost.

Provenance: Prior to 2010, private collection, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk; thence to prpresent owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2011.

 

Comparative images

1. 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

 

Captions:

1.Moses, miniature, Bury St Edmunds, c. 1420 (British Library, Cotton MS Faustina B VI, vol. II, f.  13v).

2.  John the Baptist and unidentified apostle, limestone, Winchester, c. 1400. (Winchester Museum).

3. St Peter, alabaster, from altarpiece, England (probably Derbyshire), mid 15th century. (Victoria & Albert Museum, A.129-1946).

Image credit(s): British Library;  Don White, 2010; V&A.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

St Peter / 15th Century / Bakewell

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: St Peter / 15th Century / Bakewell

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 800mm h. x 280mm w. x 220mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (statue)

Iconography: St Peter (apostle)

Period: 15th century (late)

Place of recovery: England, East Midlands, Bakewell

Probable origin: England, Derbyshire

Probable context: parish church / altar image

Alternate Views

 

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Recovered from a barn, together with corresponding image of St Andrew (St Andrew / 15th Century / Bakewell), in Bakewell, Derbyshire; Purchased by Roger from Hockenhull Antiques, Buxton, Derbyshire,2 March 1961; ‘The Roger Warner Collection – Part I’, Sotheby’s, London, South Kensington. 20 – 21 January 2009, lot 403; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

Comparative images

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Corresponding image of St Andrew (St Andrew / Bakewell), oak, late 15th century,  Recovered from a barn in Bakewell, Derbyshire (private collection).

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

St Andrew / 15th Century / Bakewell

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: St Andrew / 15th Century / Bakewell

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 700mm h. x 292mm w. x 203mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (statue)

Iconography: St Andrew (apostle)

Period: 15th century (late)

Place of recovery: England, East Midlands, Bakewell

Probable origin: England, Derbyshire

Probable context: parish church / altar image

Alternate Views

 

 

 

 

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Recovered from a barn, together with Corresponding image of St Peter (St Peter / 15th Century / Bakewell), in Bakewell, Derbyshire; Purchased by Roger from Hockenhull Antiques, Buxton, Derbyshire,2 March 1961; ‘The Roger Warner Collection – Part I’, Sotheby’s, London, South Kensington. 20 – 21 January 2009, lot 404; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

 

 

 

Comparative images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Corresponding image of St Peter (St Peter / Bakewell), oak, late 15th century,  Recovered from a barn in Bakewell, Derbyshire (private collection).

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

St Roch / 16th Century / Bury St Edmunds

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: St Roch / 16th Century / Bury St Edmunds

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 864mm h. x 279mm w. x 159mm d.

Form: sculpture in the round (statue)

Iconography: St Roch

Period: 16th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, East Anglia, Bury St Edmunds

Probable origin: England, Suffolk, Bury St Edmunds

Probable context: unknown / altar image

Alternate Views

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Prior to 2009, private collection, Bury St Edmunds; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparative images

 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

Captions:

1. Woodwose, from jetty corner post, oak, c. 1500, Bury St Edmunds (Victoria & Albert Museum, W.6-1928).

Image credit(s): Don White, 2010.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rejection of Joachim’s Offering / 16th Century / Unknown

 

Classification Data

Current location: private collection

Acc.: n/a

Project ref.: Rejection of Joachim’s Offering / 16th Century / Unknown

Material(s): oak

Dimensions: 291mm h. x 318mm w. x 89mm d.

Form: high relief (figural group)

Iconography: Rejection of Joachim’s Offering (Life of the Virgin)

Period: 16th century (early)

Place of recovery: England, South East Kent

Probable origin: England

Probable context: unknown / altarpiece

Alternate Views

 

Additional information

Construction/materials: 

Surface: 

 Condition: 

Provenance: Prior to 2011; private collection, Kent; thence to present owner.

Image credit(s): Celia Jennings, 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Comparative images

1.

 

 

Notes

Description:

Reference Literature:

 

Captions:

1. Albrecht Durer, Woodcut, The Rejection of Joachim’s Offering (The Life of the Virgin), c. 1504 (Art Institute of Chicago, The Charles Deering Collection, 1927.2886).

Image credit(s): Art Institute of Chicago.